Q: What are some long palindromes?

The first English palindrome
Lewd I did live, & evil did I dwel. (John Taylor, 1614)

The first dialog: ADAM: Madam - EVE: Oh, who? ADAM: Madam, I'm Adam. EVE: Name of a foeman? ADAM: O stone me! Not so. EVE: Mad! A maid am I, Adam. ADAM: Madam in Eden, I'm Adam. EVE: Eve, maiden name. Both sad in Eden? I dash to be manned. I am Eve. ADAM: Madam I'm Adam. Named under a ban. A bared, nude man. Madam, I'm Adam. EVE: Tut-tut, mad Adam. Tut-tut.

-- J. A. Lindon

Napolean's lament
Able was I ere I saw Elba. (author unknown, c. 1820)
Has been improved with
Unremarkable was I ere I saw Elba, Kramer, nu?
The timeless classic

A man, a plan, a canal -- Panama!

-- Leigh Mercer, 1948

Has been improved by

A dog, a plan, a canal: pagoda!

-- Roger Angell

A man, a plan, a cat, a canal; Panama?

-- Jim Saxe, plan file @ CMU, 9 October 1983

A man, a plan, a cat, a ham, a yak, a yam, a hat, a canal--Panama!

-- Guy Jacobson, plan file @ CMU late 1983

A man, a plan, a caret, a ban, a myriad, a sum, a lac, a liar, a hoop, a

pint, a catalpa, a gas, an oil, a bird, a yell, a vat, a caw, a pax, a wag, a tax, a nay, a ram, a cap, a yam, a gay, a tsar, a wall, a car, a luger, a ward, a bin, a woman, a vassal, a wolf, a tuna, a nit, a pall, a fret, a watt, a bay, a daub, a tan, a cab, a datum, a gall, a hat, a fag, a zap, a say, a jaw, a lay, a wet, a gallop, a tug, a trot, a trap, a tram, a torr, a caper, a top, a tonk, a toll, a ball, a fair, a sax, a minim, a tenor, a bass, a passer, a capital, a rut, an amen, a ted, a cabal, a tang, a sun, an ass, a maw, a sag, a jam, a dam, a sub, a salt, an axon, a sail, an ad, a wadi, a radian, a room, a rood, a rip, a tad, a pariah, a revel, a reel, a reed, a pool, a plug, a pin, a peek, a parabola, a dog, a pat, a cud, a nu, a fan, a pal, a rum, a nod, an eta, a lag, an eel, a batik, a mug, a mot, a nap, a maxim, a mood, a leek, a grub, a gob, a gel, a drab, a citadel, a total, a cedar, a tap, a gag, a rat, a manor, a bar, a gal, a cola, a pap, a yaw, a tab, a raj, a gab, a nag, a pagan, a bag, a jar, a bat, a way, a papa, a local, a gar, a baron, a mat, a rag, a gap, a tar, a decal, a tot, a led, a tic, a bard, a leg, a bog, a burg, a keel, a doom, a mix, a map, an atom, a gum, a kit, a baleen, a gala, a ten, a don, a mural, a pan, a faun, a ducat, a pagoda, a lob, a rap, a keep, a nip, a gulp, a loop, a deer, a leer, a lever, a hair, a pad, a tapir, a door, a moor, an aid, a raid, a wad, an alias, an ox, an atlas, a bus, a madam, a jag, a saw, a mass, an anus, a gnat, a lab, a cadet, an em, a natural, a tip, a caress, a pass, a baronet, a minimax, a sari, a fall, a ballot, a knot, a pot, a rep, a carrot, a mart, a part, a tort, a gut, a poll, a gateway, a law, a jay, a sap, a zag, a fat, a hall, a gamut, a dab, a can, a tabu, a day, a batt, a waterfall, a patina, a nut, a flow, a lass, a van, a mow, a nib, a draw, a regular, a call, a war, a stay, a gam, a yap, a cam, a ray, an ax, a tag, a wax, a paw, a cat, a valley, a drib, a lion, a saga, a plat, a catnip, a pooh, a rail, a calamus, a dairyman, a bater, a canal--Panama.

--Dan Hoey, 'discovered' in 1984.

Dan goes on to say "...a little work on the search algorithm could make it several times as long."

Those wonderful proper names
Dennis, Nell, Edna, Leon, Nedra, Anita, Rolf, Nora, Alice, Carol, Leo, Jane, Reed, Dena, Dale, Basil, Rae, Penny, Lana, Dave, Denny, Lena, Ida, Bernadette, Ben, Ray, Lila, Nina, Jo, Ira, Mara, Sara, Mario, Jan, Ina, Lily, Arne, Bette, Dan, Reba, Diane, Lynn, Ed, Eva, Dana, Lynne, Pearl, Isabel, Ada, Ned, Dee, Rena, Joel, Lora, Cecil, Aaron, Flora, Tina, Arden, Noel, and Ellen sinned.
The Orgy by Clement Wood
Di, Al, Togo, Boll, Edna, Todd, Adolf, Sir Obadiah Turner, Ollie, Nora, El, silly Rama, Yma Sumac, St. Toby, Cal, Mike, Graf Alfie, Leila, Roz, Owen, Gallos, Reg, Nina Noyes, Mary, Lionel, Lana, Essex, Rex, Dr. Olim, Sal, Isobel, Ed, Axel, Ann, Odile, Leon, Bill (a Pole), Ginger, gay Ogden, Mac-Coll, Ewen Enid, Ansel, Gore, Lady Block, Cindy, Sam, Ronny, Llewellyn, Norma, Syd, Nick Colby, Dale, Rog, Les, Nadine Newell, Occam, Ned, Goya, Greg, Nigel Opal, Lib, Noel, Eli, Donna, Lex, Adele, Bo, Silas, Milord Xerxes, Sean Allen, oily Ramsey, Onan, Ingersoll, Agnew, Oz, Oralie, Leif La-Farge, Kim, Lacy, Botts, Camus, Amy, Amaryllis, Lear, O'Neill, Oren, Ruth, Aida, Boris, Flo, Dad, Dot and El Lobo got laid.

A poem: Mood's mode! Pallas, I won! (Diaper pane, sold entire.) Melt till ever sere, hide it. Drown a more vile note; (Tar of rennet.) Ah, trowel, baton, eras ago. The reward? A "nisi." Two nag.

Otary tastes putrid, yam was green. Odes up and on; stare we. Rats nod. Nap used one-erg saw. (May dirt upset satyr?)

A toga now; 'tis in a drawer, eh? Togas are notable. (Worth a tenner for Ate`.) Tone liver. O Man, word-tied I.

Here's revel! Little merit, Ned? Lose, Nap? Repaid now is all apedom's doom.

-- Hubert Phillips

Headmaster's Palindromic List on his Memo Pad:

Test on Erasmus Dr of Law Deliver slap Stop dynamo (OTC) Royal: phone no.? Tel: Law re Kate Race Ref. Football. Caps on for prep Is sofa sitable on? Pots- no tops XI--Staff over Knit up ties ('U') Sub-edit Nurse's order Ned (re paper) Caning is on test (snub slip-up) Eve's simple hot dish (crib) Birch (Sid) to help Miss Eve Pupil's buns Repaper den T-set: no sign in a/c Use it Red roses Put inkspot on stopper Run Tide Bus? Prof.--no space Rev off at six Caretaker (wall, etc.) Noel Bat is a fossil Too many d*** pots Lab to offer one 'Noh' play-- Wal for duo? (I'd name Dr. O) or 'Pals Reviled'? See few owe fees (or demand IOU?) Sums are not set.

-- Joyce Johnson

(New_Statesman competition in 1967. 126 words, 467 letters)

The entire book Satire: Veritas is a palindrome, it starts "Sir, I stra..." and ends "... Art, sir, is Satire: Veritas."

Jeff Grant has composed a palindrome of 10,230 words.

Dr. Awkward & Olson in Oslo by Lawrence Levine (self-published, 1980) is a palindromic novel comprising 167 pages and 31,594 words. It starts, "Tacit, I hate gas (aroma of evil)," and ends, "live foam or a sage Tahiti cat."

Palindromic phrases
race car a Toyota semi limes laminar animal
Good palindromes in ascending length (drum roll please)
O, no! Do God! Go, dog! Old? Lo! Top pot. Hey, yeh. Top spot. Live evil. Stun nuts. Taft: fat! Go do, dog. Never even. Pa's a sap. Stop spots. I prefer pi. Regal lager. Dot sees Tod. Lepers repel. Ma has a ham. Pepsi is pep. (Richard Lederer) Dennis sinned. Sir, I'm Iris. Dee saw a seed. Del saw a sled. Egad, an adage! Draw, o coward! I met System I. Lee had a heel. Lonely Tylenol. Not so, Boston. Rail at a liar. Senile felines. Sup not on pus. "Naomi," I Moan. He won snow, eh? Laid on no dial. Name no one man. Peel Sam asleep. Redraw a warder. Step on no pets. Do geese see God? Ed is on no side. Emil saw a slime. Name now one man. Dot saw I was Tod. Eros' sis is sore. Gateman's nametag. God saw I was dog! Lem saw I was Mel. Naomi, did I moan? Never odd or even. No, evils live on. Rise to vote, sir. (Leigh Mercer, 1925) Sex at noon taxes. Sleep on no peels. Enid and Edna dine. He stops spots, eh? No it can - action! Revenge Meg? Never! Sleep not on peels. Was it a rat I saw? Wendel's sled: new? A Toyota's a Toyota. Egad, nab a bandage! No lemons, no melon. O, stone, be not so. Zeus' maw swam Suez. (Josefa Heifetz) Lager, sir, is regal. (J. A. Lindon) Pull up if I pull up. God, a saw was a dog! Ma is a nun, as I am. In a regal age ran I. No, I met System Ion. No, it is opposition. Now I see bees I won. Delia saw I was ailed. Dr. Lime, 121 Emil Rd. Harass selfless Sarah! He goddam mad dog, eh? (James Thurber) He harasses Sarah, eh? Niagara, O roar again! Mary bred a Derby ram. No evil shah lives on. Yawn a more Roman way. Dennis and Edna sinned. (J. A. Lindon) Now, sir, a war is won. Rats drown in Word-Star. Star comedy: Democrats! Drat Saddam mad dastard. Draw pupil's lip upward. He lived as a devil, eh? He won a Toyota now, eh? Red rum, sir, is murder. (J. A. Lindon) Won't lovers revolt now? Emil asleep peels a lime. Eve damned Eden, mad Eve! Must sell at tallest sum. Red root put up to order. A slut nixes sex in Tulsa. Ma is as selfless as I am. Nurse, I spy gupsies, run! Rats live on no evil star. Sit on a potato pan, Otis! Slap a ham on Omaha, pals! Top step's pup's pet spot. (Leigh Mercer) A dog! A panic in a pagoda! Deny me not; atone, my Ned. Draw no dray a yard onward. Repel evil as a live leper. Go deliver a dare, vile dog. I won, Karen, an era know I. May a moody baby doom a yam? Murder for a jar of red rum. No "x" in "Mr. R. M. Nixon"? Now do I repay a period won. Now, Ned, I am a maiden won. Oh who was it I saw, oh who? Swen, on gnus, sung no news. Ten animals I slam in a net. Was it Eliot's toilet I saw? Was it a car or a cat I saw? Al lets Della call Ed Stella. No, she stops spots, eh, son? Eros? Sidney, my end is sore! Some men interpret nine memos. Devil Natasha, ah, Satan lived. Draw, O Caeser, erase a coward. Emil's Nip eels sleep in slime! Did Eve salt an atlas? Eve did. I, man, am regal; a German am I. Her Eve's nose we soon sever, eh? Golf, no sir, prefer prison flog. No pinot noir on Orion to nip on. O, memsahib Bart, rabbi has memo. Trap all afoot; I too fall apart. Evil I did dwell; lewd did I live. Norma is as selfless as I am, Ron. (J. A. Lindon) "Naomi, sex at noon taxes," I moan. Yo, bad anaconda had no Canada boy. "Asi, Buenos Dias!" said Son Eubisa. Egad, a base tone denotes a bad age. Egad, a base life defiles a bad age. Kay, a red nude, peeped under a yak. Live on evasions, no, I save on evil. Satan, oscillate my metallic sonatas. No mists reign at Tangier, St. Simon! Dog as a devil deified lived as a god. (C. A. Pearson, 1900) Eureka! Till I pull up ill I take rue. Named under a ban - a bared, nude man. No sot nor Ottawa law at Toronto, son! Sums are not set as a test on Erasmus. (Leigh Mercer) Marge lets Norah see Sharon's telegram. Red dude kill lion. No ill-liked udder. Reviled did I live; evil I did deliver. Anna: "Did Otto peep?" Otto: "Did Anna?" Eve saw diamond, erred; no maid was Eve. Evil is the name of a foeman, as I live. May Ron dine on eels? No, Enid, nor yam. Stiff, O dairy-man, in a myriad of fits! Address of Emil Otto Lime: Fosse Rd., DA. Aim a Toyota tatami mat at a Toyota, Mia. Did I draw Della too tall, Edward? I did? I roamed under it as a tired, nude Maori. He won't, ah, wander, Edna. What now, eh? To Peru, named llama mall 'De Manure Pot'. Anne, I vote more cars race Rome to Vienna. Cigar? Toss it in a can. It is so tragic. (J. A. Lindon) Stop, Syrian! I start at rats in airy spots. I roamed under rats as a starred, nude Maori. Peel's lager, red rum did murder regal sleep. Paget saw an Irish tooth, Sir, in a waste gap. We few erase cares, Al; laser aces are we few. Dog as a devil deified; deified lived as a god. (cf. Pearson, 1900) No, it is opposed; art sees trade's opposition. Level? No, I tan, I'm at no contamination level. Mad Zeus, no live devil, lived evil on Suez Dam. No, it's a bar of gold, a bad log for a bastion. Now stop, major-general, are negro jam-pots won? Straw? No, too stupid a fad; I put soot on warts. (Leigh Mercer) Live dirt up a side track carted is a putrid evil. Name tarts? No medieval slave, I demonstrate man! No gnu have never after fret far, even Eva hung on. Now, Ned, I am a maiden nun; Ned, I am a maiden won. We repaid a no name Pacific ape man on a diaper, ew! Do good's deeds live on? No, evil's deeds do, O God! Here we no got conical ill lilac in octogon ewer, eh? Salamander a ton now. Raw war won not, a Red Nam, alas. Did I do, O God, did I do as I said I'd do? Good, I did! Are we not drawn onward, we few, drawn onward to new era? I prevent U-boats, tar, evil live rats, Tao but never pi. Desserts I desire not, so long no lost one rise distressed. Revered now I live on. O, did I do no evil, I wonder, ever? Fool! A dog lives sad a boxer, Rex. O bad ass evil god aloof! Fool! A dog lives sad a boxer, Rex. O bad ass evil god aloof! 'Tenor Octopus Night' netted a cadet tenth ginsu pot, coronet. Won total, I am a pro. Bali radar I labor. Pa, mail a tot now! I saw desserts; I'd no lemons, alas, no melon; distressed was I. Yo, boy! Trap gnus, nude. 'Kangaroo Rag' naked unsung party, O boy! Did I strap red nude, red rump, also slap murdered underparts? I did! Doc, note: I dissent. A fast never prevents a fatness. I diet on cod. (Peter Hilton, 1943; Penelope Gilliat [Whiteley??) So regards Rat's Lib: regrets no more hero monster gerbil stars' drag Eros. Degas, are we not drawn onward, we freer few, drawn onward to new eras aged? Garret, I ogle. Enemy democrats party; trap star comedy men, eel goiter rag. Named undenominationally rebel, I rile Beryl? La, no! I tan. I'm, O Ned, nude, man! Sagas emit taxes, rat snot, or pastrami. I'm Arts, a proton star - sex at times a gas. Dr. Ana, Cataracts. Uranium enema smarts if fist rams, Amen! Emu in a rust car at a canard. T. Eliot, top bard, notes putrid tang emanating, is sad; I'd assign it a name: gnat dirt upset on drab pot toilet. (Alastair Reid)
Some word (not letter) palindromes

Does milk machinery milk does? Women understand men; few men understand women. bores are people that say that people are bores. So patient a doctor to try to doctor a patient so. (J. A. Lindon) God knows man. What is doubtful is what man knows God. You can cage a swallow, can't you, but you can't swallow a cage, can you? Girl, bathing on Bikini, eyeing boy, finds boy eyeing

bikini on bathing girl.

Amusing is that company of fond people bores people fond of

company that is amusing. (J. A. Lindon)

Word palindrome poem

Dies slowly fading day, winds mournful sigh,

Brightly stars are waking;

Flies owlet hooting, holding revel high,

Nightly silence breaking.

Breaking silence nightly,

High revel holding, hooting owlet flies;

Waking are stars brightly,

Sigh mournful winds, day fading slowly dies.

A. Cyril Pearson, Pictured Puzzles and Word Play, George Routledge and Sons, London, 1907, p. 314

Line palindrome poems

As I was passing near the jail I met a man, but hurried by. His face was ghastly, grimly pale. He had a gun. I wondered why He had. A gun? I wondered... why, His face was ghastly! Grimly pale, I met a man, but hurried by, As I was passing near the jail.

DOPPELGANGER (umlaut on the A)

Entering the lonely house with my wife,

I saw him for the first time

Peering furtively from behind a bush--

Blackness that moved,

A shape amid the shadows,

A momentary glimpse of gleaming eyes

Revealed in the ragged moon.

A closer look (he seemed to turn) might have Put him to flight forever--

I dared not

(For reasons that I failed to understand),

Though I knew I should act at once.

I puzzled over it, hiding alone, Watching the woman as she neared the gate.

He came, and I saw him crouching

Night after night. Night after night

He came, and I saw him crouching,

Watching the woman as she neared the gate.

I puzzled over it, hiding alone--

Though I knew I should act at once,

For reasons that I failed to understand

I dared not

Put him to flight forever.

A closer look (he seemed to turn) might have

Revealed in the ragged moon

A momentary glimpse of gleaming eyes,

A shape amid the shadows,

Blackness that moved.

Peering furtively from behind a bush,

I saw him, for the first time,

Entering the lonely house with my wife.

Some palindromic names

Laval (prime minister of Vichy government)

Lon Nol (former premier of Cambodia)

U Nu (former premier of Burma)

Revilo P. Oliver (professor at U. of Illinois; his father and grandfather have/had

the same name, which was deliberately contrived)

Wassamassaw (a swamp north of Charleston SC)

Yreka Bakery (a former business in Yreka CA)

Yrella Gallery (a business which later occupied the same premises)

Elite Tile (a plausible business name)

Lion Oil (a plausible business name)

Some Latin palindromes

A palindromic word square:

sator arepo tenet opera rotas

Palindromes of palindromic words:

Odo tenet mulum, madidam mulum tenet Odo. Anna tenet mappam, madidam mappam tenet Anna.

Miscellaneous palindromes:

Ablata at alba (Banished, but blameless) Si nummi immunis. (Give me my fee, I warrant you free.) Signa te signa; temere me tangis et angis. (Cross, cross yourself; you annoy and vex me without necessity.) Roma tibi subito motibus ibit amor. (Owing to my exertions, Rome, your desire, will soon be near.) Bei Leid lieh stets Heil die Lieb. (In trouble comfort is lent by love.) Sole medere pede ede, perede melos. Acide me malo, sed non desola me medica. Si bene te tua laus taxat sua laute tenebis. Et necat eger amor non Roma rege tacente,

Roma reges una non anus eger amor.

Signa te, signa, temere me tangis et angis,

Roma tibi subito motibus ibit amor.

Area serenum me gere regem munere sacra

Solem arcas animos, imina sacra, melos.

Roma ibi tibi sedes - ibi tibi Amor;

Roma etsi te terret et iste Amor Ibi etsi vis te non esse - sedes ibi Roma tenet et amor.

(At Rome you live, at Rome you love;

From Rome that love may you affright, Although you'd leave, you never move, For love and Rome both fear your flight.)


Palindromes and Anagrams Howard W. Bergerson Dover Publications New York 1973 ISBN 0-486-20664-5.

Lid Off a Daffodil John Pool Henry Holt and Co. New York 1982 ISBN 0-030-04427-8

The Oxford Guide to Word Games, chapter 11, titled "Palindromes" Tony Augarde Oxford University Press Oxford 1984 ISBN 0-19-214144-9

The Palindromicon Jeff Grant Word Ways Monograph Series 3 Spring Valley Road, Morristown, NJ 07960 1992

From A to Zotamorf: The Dictionary of Palindromes Stephen Chism Word Ways Monograph Series 4 Spring Valley Road, Morristown, NJ 07960 1992

I Love Me, Vol. I: S. Wordrow's Palindrome Encyclopedia Michael Donner Algonquin Books Chapel Hill 1996 ISBN 1-56512-109-0

Of Anagrams H. B. Wheatley Williams & Norgate London 1862

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